Document ReferencePw C
TitlePapers of John Achard, scholar, 1721-1770, in the Portland (Welbeck) Collection
Extent716 items
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryJohn Achard was a Swiss gentleman and scholar from Lausanne. He was tutor to the 2nd Duke of Portland, and part of the Bentinck household for many years. He died in 1770 leaving the bulk of his estate to Margaret, Duchess of Portland.
Custodial HistoryThese papers constitute part of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection (Pw) and were received from the 7th Duke of Portland in the first deposit from Welbeck Abbey in 1949. By the Duke's express wish the family archives were divided between The University of Nottingham (political and family correspondence); Nottinghamshire Archives Office (Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Northumberland estate papers); British Library (Harley family papers); Hampshire Record Office (papers relating to the Dukes' Hampshire estate) and the Bodleian Library (Civil War papers of Reverend John Nalson). The entire Portland archive from Welbeck was accepted by the state in lieu of estate duty in 1986.
DescriptionThe papers reflect Achard's activities as tutor to the 2nd Duke of Portland. The correspondence includes letters from his own family members, as well as from the 1st Duke and Duchess concerning their son's education.

Achard's correspondence with other academics and with military men throughout Europe is reflected in the Collection.

Also some correspondence concerning the establishment of the Helvetic or Swiss Church in London in 1762.

Included in a final section of miscellaneous papers is a detailed list of the collection of miniatures at Welbeck.
MgtGroupPersonal papers
Family and estate collections
MgtSubGroupPrivate papers
ArrangementThe Collection is divided into two series, reflecting its arrangement on acquisition from Welbeck. The first consists of letters to John Achard, and the second series contains miscellaneous papers.
TermDomestic education - Great Britain
Tutors and tutoring - Great Britain
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham. In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Typescript Catalogue, 25 pp At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Typescript Catalogue, 25 pp Online: Catalogue available through the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Access to the old typescript catalogue was also made available online during the national Access to Archives (A2A) project in 2000-2004. This catalogue is now available through Discovery, hosted by The National Archives ( The version on our own Manuscripts Online Catalogue will be more up to date.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialSee the fonds record for the Portland (Welbeck) Collection as a whole (Pw); and also the separate records for each of the other constituent subfonds (Pw 1, Pw 2 Hy, Pw B, Pw D, Pw E, Pw F, Pw G, Pw H, Pw J, Pw K, Pw L, Pw M, Pw N, Pw V)
Achard correspondence in the Portland (London) Collection: Reference Pl C 36-68
Related RecordPl/C

Click the links below to view related name indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA1049Achard; John (-1770); tutor to 2nd Duke of Portland-1770
NA1046Bentinck; William (1709-1762); 2nd Duke of Portland1709-1762
NA1044Bentinck; Henry (1682-1726); 1st Duke of Portland; 2nd Earl of Portland; cr. 1716; styled Viscount Woodstock 1689-17091682-1726
NA1049Achard; John (-1770); tutor to 2nd Duke of Portland-1770
NA1046Bentinck; William (1709-1762); 2nd Duke of Portland1709-1762
NA1087Bentinck; V. Rudolph (1738-1820); Baron Bentinck; 'Jig'1738-1820
NA75927Cavendish-Bentinck; family; of Welbeck, Nottinghamshire; Dukes of Portland
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