Document ReferencePw A
TitlePapers of Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (1649-1709), statesman, in the Portland (Welbeck) Collection
Extent2899 items
AbstractPrincipal document types present include; correspondence, official papers
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryHans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (1649-1709), the founder of the family's fortunes in England, was a friend and adviser to William of Orange and accompanied him to England in 1688. He continued his close relationship after William was crowned, and his family's eminence in England was based on the rewards given to him, including the title of Earl of Portland.
Custodial HistoryThese papers form a sub-group of the Portland (Welbeck) Collection (Pw) and were part of the first deposit received from Welbeck Abbey in 1949 from the 7th Duke of Portland.
DescriptionThe correspondence predating the landing in England concerns diplomatic and military preparations on the Continent and in England, with a significant number written in cipher. These subjects continue to feature during the critical early years of William and Mary's reign.

The 1st Earl was a leading diplomat, and was a central negotiator for both the Treaty of Ryswick and the Partition Treaties. The diplomatic papers are generally in French, Dutch or German.

The Earl travelled extensively, as did his son, Viscount Woodstock, who undertook the Grand Tour and wrote many letters to his father during his travels.

Portland was also involved in political life, with his papers reflecting events in England, Ireland, Scotland and Holland during the period of William's reign. He took a particular interest in Jacobite activity, both at home and abroad. Correspondents include William III and a wide range of representatives of other rulers, eminent men and officials.
MgtGroupPolitical and diplomatic papers
Personal papers
Family and estate collections
Private papers
ArrangementThe letters are arranged alphabetically by correspondent, in chronological sequence. The majority of the letters are to the 1st Earl.
TermGreat Britain - Politics and government - 17th century
Great Britain - History - William and Mary, 1688-1703
Great Britain - History - Revolution of 1688
Ireland - Politics and government - 17th century
Europe - Foreign relations - 17th century
Great Britain - Foreign relations - 17th century
Diplomatic and consular service, British
Diplomatic and consular service, French
Politicians - Great Britain
Europe - History, Military - 17th century
Europe - History, Naval - 17th century
Voyages and travels
Kings and rulers
Royal households - Great Britain
Intelligence service - Great Britain
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham. In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Old Typescript catalogue, 66 pp At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Old Typescript catalogue, 66 pp Online: Catalogue accessible from the website for Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. The old typescript catalogue has now been considerably upgraded and the Manuscripts Online Catalogue should be consulted for the full version.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialSee the fonds record for the Portland (Welbeck) Collection as a whole (Pw); and also the separate records for each of the other constituent subfonds (Pw 1, Pw 2 Hy, Pw B, Pw C, Pw D, Pw E, Pw F, Pw G, Pw H, Pw J, Pw K, Pw L, Pw M, Pw N, Pw V)
British Library
Longleat House, Wiltshire
Northamptonshire Record Office
Related RecordPwB
Publication NoteN. Japiske, 'Correspondentie van Willem III en van Hans Willem Bentinck, Eersten Graaf van Portland' (Vols. 23 and 24; Martinus Nijhoff; the Hague, 1927 and 1928) (These volumes are available for consultation in the King's Meadow Reading Room under manuscript reference MS 921)

Click the links below to view related name indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA1043Bentinck; H. William (1649-1709); 1st Earl of Portland; diplomat and adviser of William of Orange; alias Hans Willem1649-1709
NA1083William III (1650-1702); King of England Scotland and Ireland1650-1702
NA1084Mary II (1662-1694); Queen of England Scotland and Ireland1662-1694
NA1043Bentinck; H. William (1649-1709); 1st Earl of Portland; diplomat and adviser of William of Orange; alias Hans Willem1649-1709
NA1044Bentinck; Henry (1682-1726); 1st Duke of Portland; 2nd Earl of Portland; cr. 1716; styled Viscount Woodstock 1689-17091682-1726
NA1085Heinsius; Anthony (1641-1720); Grand Pensionary of Holland from 16881641-1720
NA75927Cavendish-Bentinck; family; of Welbeck, Nottinghamshire; Dukes of Portland
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