Document ReferencePw2 Hy 681
TitleLetter from C[harles] H[edges], Whitehall, London, to Mr [Alexander] Stanhope; 26 Sep. 1704
Date26 September 1704
Extent2 ff
Content DescriptionSays that Mr Harley has gone into the country with Queen Anne; orders Stanhope on behalf of the Queen to consult the Pensioner regarding his views on the best way to defend Gibraltar; informs Stanhope of the English position; says that Sir G. Rooke has left 2000 marines and three months provisions at Gibraltar; says that Rooke left word that the marines should be sent home once relieved by troops expected to be sent by the Kings of Spain and Portugal; has heard reports of low morale in the Portuguese army as well as that of Holland and England; is unsure as to the level of help that the Portuguese can provide; refers to the Prince of Hesse; states that he believes that [only the English and Dutch armies can be depended upon?].

Discusses trade in the Mediterranean and the advantages to be gained 'for annoying the enemy' [by controlling Gibraltar]; believes that if French supplies can be disrupted they may eventually become unable 'to mount their Cavalry'; orders Stanhope to continue diplomatic discussions on this matter.

Parts of text missing due to damage to document.
Termdiplomacy, with guarantors of the Treaty of Travendahl
diplomacy, with Netherlands
armies, Portuguese, morale
wars, War of the Spanish Succession 1701-1714
foreign policy, Gibraltar
navies, English, marines

Click the links below to view related name indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA893Harley; Robert (1661-1724); 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer; M.P.; speaker 1701-1705; P.M. 1711-17141661-1724
NA18608Anne (1665-1714); Queen of Great Britain and Ireland1665-1714
NA1085Heinsius; Anthony (1641-1720); Grand Pensionary of Holland from 16881641-1720
NA29455Rooke; George (1650-1709); Sir; admiral; knighted 16931650-1709
NA29459Pedro II (1648-1706); King of Portugal; ( acc. 1683)1648-1706
NA18625Philip V (1683-1746); King of Spain1683-1746
NA29460Frederick (fl 1700-1704); Prince of Hesse-Casselfl 1700-1704
NA29366Hedges; Charles (-1714); Sir; politician; lawyer; knighted 1689-1714
NA29446Stanhope; Alexander (1638-1707); Mr; English Envoy Extraordinary to the Netherlands 1700-6; father of 1st Earl Stanhope1638-1707
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