|Content Description||This series of deeds forms part of the sixth deposit of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection; consisting of approximately 6,000 items, it ranges in date from the sixteenth to twentieth centuries (though there are some copies of documents which originally dated from the thirteenth century); the majority of the deeds relate to the estates of the later Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, though there are some items from the time of their forebears.|
The geographical coverage of the series is extensive; as might be expected, many of the deeds relate to the Nottinghamshire heartland of the family estates; places represented include Askham, Averham, Babworth, Bagthorpe, Barnby Moor, Basford, Besthorpe, Bevercotes, Bothamsall, Boughton, Brinsley, Bulwell, Clumber, Cromwell, West Drayton, Eaton, Edwinstowe, Egmanton, Elkesley, Farndon, Flawborough, Gamston, Girton, Harworth, Haughton, Hawton, Holme, Hucknall, Kersall, Markham Clinton, East Markham, Markham Moor, Martin, Milton, North Muskham, Newark, Nottingham, Ranby, Shireoaks, Steetley, Tuxford, Walesby, Wellow, Willoughby, Winthorpe and Worksop; Newcastle family properties were widespread, however, and the series also contains deeds from the counties of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Derbyshire, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Hampshire, Kent, Lincolnshire, London, Somerset, Warwickshire, Wiltshire, Yorkshire, Canada, Ireland and France - the number of deeds for each being greater or fewer depending on the extent and nature of the family interest; besides the Nottinghamshire deeds, the largest single section is that for Surrey, reflecting the importance of the property which came to the family through the Hope line of inheritance.
The title deeds and settlements illustrate how the properties came into family hands, how their descent from generation to generation was managed and how they were disposed of; because deeds provide evidence of title, the series may include records which refer back to periods well before the date of Newcastle acquisition.
The series begins with a section of deeds relating to the family estates collectively, including marriage settlements, wills, mortgages of collective estates and so on. Subsequent deeds are arranged firstly by county, then by place, then chronologically by bundle.
See the entries below for further details.
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