Document ReferenceBu 48/3
TitleCopy letter from Sir A. Buchanan, St Petersburg, Russia, to 2nd Earl Granville [G. Leveson-Gower], Foreign Office, London; 18 Oct 1870.
Date18 October 1870
Content DescriptionHas had further discussions with Mr Curtin, the United States minister, on the subject of abolishing the restrictions on Russian navigation of the Black Sea; the minister has, in the past, been assured that the United States has no interest in the matter; he claimed to be a "warm apostle of peace" and that there is a belief that peace may be compromised by the Eastern Question; Mr Curtin wished that the Eastern Question could be deprived of its dangerous elements, and believed that freedom of all shipping in the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus would assist in this; Mr Curtin thought Aali Pasha would consent to this if his country received an indemnity, and the presence of other squadrons in the Black Sea would allay fears on his part that Russia was establishing a fleet there.

He pointed out to Mr Curtin that the question was so large and involved so many interests that no statesman would ever consent to discuss it, and that Turkey would never consent to the passage of foreign fleets in the Black Sea; Mr Curtin argued that there was no objection to foreign fleets passing Copenhagen or Gibraltar; he commented that he might as well ask the Emperor to allow a foreign army to march through Nevsky Prospect, as to ask the Sultan to allow foreign fleets into the Bosphorus; believes this conversation is further evidence that the British Government may be called upon to discuss this question with the Russian Government.
Termtreaties, Treaty of Paris 1856
Turkish affairs, 'Eastern Question'
politics, American, foreign policy
foreign policy, American
politics, Turkish, foreign policy
foreign policy, Turkish
navies, Russian

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CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA6192Alexander II (1818-1881); Emperor of all the Russias; (succeeded 1855)1818-1881
NA6797Mehemet E. Aali Pasha; - (1815-1871); -; Turkish statesman1815-1871
NA7547Curtin; Jeremiah (1840-1906); Mr; United States Legation in St Petersburg1840-1906
NA136Buchanan; Andrew (1807-1882); 1st Baronet; diplomat1807-1882
NA6137Gower; Granville G. Leveson- (1815-1891); 2nd Earl Granville; diplomat M.P. statesman1815-1891
PL81/St Petersburg/Russia
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