Document ReferenceBu 2/23
TitleLetter from H. Howard, Berlin, Prussia, to A. Buchanan, St Petersburg, Russia; 23 Dec 1848.
Date23 December 1848
Extent6 ff
Content DescriptionAnswers, with reference to Lord Cowley's despatches, his questions about German affairs; states that Lord Cowley is not fully acquainted with affairs of Prussia; regrets that speculation into the proposed constitution have not taken all factors into account; states that Cowley has been swayed by the rhetoric of Gagern, who after causing revolution in southern Germany, now sees fit to seek power by backing Prussia; notes that his efforts have been frustrated by the King; the general opinion is that the Frankfurt Decree will soon fail; a bold plan 'k├╝hner Griff' may save the revolutionary cause but this is looking unlikely, especially in the north; states that Prussia owes its salvation to Austria and Prussian leaders see an alliance with Austria as essential; they also wish Austria to consolidate her position over her dominions.

Comments on the policy of Lord Palmerston in relation to Lombardy and his sympathy with republican France; there is no danger of a resurgence of arbitrary government; his wish for the annexation of Lombardy to Piedmont is founded on ignorance of a link between the Sardinians and the Lombards and the will of the Sardinians to maintain a kingdom; the conduct of England towards Sicily is also condemned by European politicians; thinks Russia would be a better arbiter of European affairs; in Germany all classes used to be hostile to Russia but now this is only true of republicans; comments on British intervention in Greece and Wallachia.
Termpolitics, German, constitutional reform
politics, German, Frankfurt Decree
revolutions, 1848
foreign policy, British

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CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA6062Wellesley; Henry R.C. (1804-1884); 1st Earl Cowley1804-1884
NA6082Gagern; Henrich W.A.F. von (1799-1880); Herr; President of the Frankfurt Parliament1799-1880
NA6081Friedrich Wilhelm IV (1795-1861); King of Prussia; ( succeeded 1840)1795-1861
NA143Temple; Henry John (1784-1865); 3rd Viscount Palmerston; succ. 1802; statesman; Prime Minster 1855-1858 and 1859-18651784-1865
NA6083Howard; Henry F. (1809-1898); Sir; British Diplomatic Service1809-1898
NA136Buchanan; Andrew (1807-1882); 1st Baronet; diplomat1807-1882
PL1916/Lombardy and Venetia
PL1822/Wallachia/Central Europe
PL1920/Kingdom of the Two Sicilies/Italy
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