Document ReferencePw V 21
TitleAutograph MS text of manual on horsemanship, by William Cavendish, the 1st Duke of Newcastle; n.d. [1658- May 1660]
Date1658-May 1660
Extent197 ff
Access ConditionsMicrofilm surrogate available - readers may be required to use the microfilm in the first instance.
Content DescriptionThe text on the front pastedown and on ff 1r-3v, 37r, 41r-196r and the back pastedown is in the Duke's hand. ff 3r, 4r-36v and 37v-41r are in the hand of an unidentified scribe with annotations by Newcastle. The text has been cancelled suggesting that it was copied into another book.

The treatise was written after the printing of Newcastle's work, La Méthode Nouvelle... de Dresser les Chevaux (Antwerp, 1658), and before Charles II's restoration in May 1660; see f 157v and f 159r.
Termhorsemanship & dressage & Sport, horse riding
ReprodnNoteVolumes from Pw V cannot be photographed by readers with their own camera or device, but reprographic copies can be supplied for educational and private study purposes only.
Physical DescriptionFolio book.
The contents comprise three physical section, as follows: ff 1-184, paper is uniformly cropped, 307 x 195 mm, with ff 4-87 on ruled paper; ff 185-190, bound on guards, 259 x 180 mm; ff 191-196, bound on guards, 291 x 195 mm.
Descriptive FeaturesWatermark: Eagle, crowned double headed Spread Eagle with Crozier of Basle in breast, 120 x 95 mm (Type A, ff 1-97)

Watermark: Pascal Lamb, large crowned simple shield containing crouching lamb holding a banner, approx. 123 x 83 mm (Type B, ff 98-184)

Watermark: Crossbow within circle surmounted by Trefoil, 54 x 37 mm (Type C, ff 185-190)

Countermark: form of two double rimmed and spoked wheels, 52 x 25 mm; also cornermark, Trefoil on tall stem flanked by letter G and number 3, 45 x 30 mm (With Type C)

Watermark: Flagpole with double banners cornermark, Trefoil on tall stem flanked by monogram GB3, 50 x 38 mm (Type D, ff 191-96)

Fair copy from ff 11-41; free italic script ff 1 (front pastedown)-10v and ff 41r-back pastedown.

Gold stamped vellum on paste-board with remnants of green-blue silk ribbon ties to fore-edge; upper and lower covers are decorated with a similar oblong panel enclosed in a double-line fillet close to the outer borders; central panel is formed by individual circular and dome-shaped tools; a floral tool is stamped in the four outer corners of the field; spine has fading traces of gold tooling which consist of a floral ornament enclosed in double-line fillets stamped six times from head to tail.
Pascal lamb
Related MaterialUniversity of Nottingham Library:
University of Nottingham Library:
Publication NoteM. J-M. Sönmez, 'English Spelling in the Seventeenth Century: A Study of the nature of Standardisation as seen through the MS and Printed Versions of the Duke of Newcastle's 'A New Method' ' (Ph.D., University of Durham, 1993), 2 vols
Duke of Newcastle, A New and Extraordinary Method to dress Horses (London, 1667)

Click the links below to view related name indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA689Cavendish; William (1593-1676); 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne; cr. Viscount Mansfield 1620; Earl of Newcastle upon Tyne 1628; Marquess of Newcastle upon Tyne 1643; Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne 16651593-1676
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