|Document Reference||Ne C 4496-4666|
|Title||Papers relating to Parliamentary Elections involving the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, 1790-1865, in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection|
|Abstract||Principal document types present include; correspondence, accounts, cuttings, books and other papers|
|Access Conditions||Accessible to all readers.|
|Admin History||The Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne exercised considerable political influence and patronage in elections in Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire and Falkirk in Scotland. The 4th Duke in particular was an influential electioneer, and was regarded as a man worthy of some consideration by the leading politicians of his day, despite the fact that he played no direct role in politics himself. His political activities were guided by his staunch religious and high Tory principles. He returned four nomination M.P.s and was able to influence the return of three others, though his political influence was considered by contemporaries to be much wider - as many as twelve to fourteen nominees was a commonly accepted figure.|
The 4th Duke wielded his greatest power in the Boroughs of Aldborough and Boroughbridge in Yorkshire, though in the latter he was troubled from time to time by the influence of the Lawson family. His power in Nottinghamshire was somewhat weaker, though he was certainly very influential in Newark where his candidates were generally returned unopposed. He also took an active part in Retford, Bassetlaw and Nottinghamshire elections.
The duke maintained his political influence in a variety of ways: the incentive of low rents, an extensive network of influential agents, clever use of purchasing power for provisions and goods at Clumber and, of course, the use of bribery and treating.
The passing of the Reform Bill in 1832 significantly undermined the 4th Duke of Newcastle's electoral influence. He lost his four nomination seats in Yorkshire, and thereafter his activities were confined to Nottinghamshire where he was still able to return a member each for Newark and East Retford, and at least one of the four county members. He continued to exert his electioneering influence wherever possible until the time of his death.
The 2nd and 5th Dukes of Newcastle were also active electioneers, and their activities are similarly represented within this collection, although to a lesser extent than those of the 4th Duke. The 2nd Duke exercised political influence in eight seats - the traditional Newcastle strongholds with the addition of Westminster where he was High Steward.
The 5th Duke sat in parliament himself and was an active politician appointed to office. His political opinions diverged from those of his father, which led to the dispute between them over the South Nottinghamshire election in 1846. The 5th Duke was more popular than his father and was closer to the centre of political affairs, facts which cast a slightly different light over his political activities at a local level. In addition to the Nottinghamshire seats, the 5th Duke also exercised influence in the Falkirk Burghs which he represented as M.P..
|Custodial History||These papers form a sub-fonds of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) and are part of the political papers fonds (Ne C). They were part of the first deposit received from the 9th Duke of Newcastle in 1955 and were accepted in lieu of estate duty in 1981.|
|Description||The collection highlights the activities and interests of the Dukes of Newcastle relating to elections in Newark, Aldborough, Retford, Bassetlaw, Boroughbridge, Nottingham, South Nottinghamshire and the Falkirk Burghs, predominently between 1790 and 1865. The papers include material on the dispute between the 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne and Lord Lincoln (later 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne) over the election in South Nottinghamshire in 1846. Correspondents are mostly local since this collection presents a snapshot of politics on the local, rather than on the national stage. The bulk of the papers date from the 1830s and 1840s, the period during which the 4th Duke of Newcastle was most politically active. There are small sections reflecting the activities of the 2nd and 5th Dukes, though these papers are much fewer in number.|
|MgtGroup||Political and diplomatic papers|
|Family and estate collections|
|Arrangement||The papers are arranged in chronological order according to electoral district.|
|Term||Great Britain - Politics and government - 18th century|
|Great Britain - Politics and government - 19th century|
|Elections - England|
|FindingAids||Copyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.
In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus:
Old typescript Catalogue, 2 pp
At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew:
Old typescript Catalogue, 2 pp
Catalogue accessible on the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue.
Readers are advised that the online catalogue is more comprehensive than the old typescript version, and has been enhanced by personal, place and subject indexing.|
|Copyright||Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Keeper of Manuscripts and Special Collections (email firstname.lastname@example.org).|
|ReprodnNote||Photocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.|
|Related Material||See the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the record describing the Correspondence within the collection (Ne C), and the other constituent parts of the Correspondence section (Ne C 1-35; Ne C 36-2225; Ne C 2226-2229; Ne C 2230-4495; Ne C 4667-8778; Ne C 8779-12842; Ne C 12843-14145; Ne C 14146-14729; Ne C 14730-15406)|
|Diaries of the Dukes of Newcastle (Ne 2F)|