Document ReferenceNe C 2230-4495
TitlePapers of Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794), in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection
Extent15 boxes
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryHenry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, was the son of Henry Clinton, 7th Earl of Lincoln and nephew of Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne. He was styled 9th Earl of Lincoln until he succeeded his uncle in 1768 and adopted the surname Pelham. His influential connections secured his advancement, and he was made Lord Lieutenant of the counties of Cambridgeshire in 1742 and Nottinghamshire in 1768. Other appointments included that of Privy Councillor, Cofferer of the Household, Comptroller of the Customs for the Port of London, Knight of the Garter and High Steward of Westminster. Although the 2nd Duke did not pursue a political career, he was active in local elections and, through his political and other patronage, had considerable influence and extensive contacts with the leading politicians of his day.
Custodial HistoryThese papers form a sub-group of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) and are part of the political papers fonds (Ne C). They were part of the first deposit received from the 9th Duke of Newcastle in 1955 and were accepted in lieu of estate duty in 1981.
DescriptionThe collection contains the Duke's correspondence including that with his uncles, Henry Pelham and Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, discussing private and official business; statesmen and politicians such as Lord Bute, Lord North, Lord Hardwicke, William Pitt the elder and the younger; his agents about local politics and estate business. Of particular interest is his correspondence with his cousin, General Sir Henry Clinton, during the American War of Independence.
MgtGroupPolitical and diplomatic papers
Family and estate collections
ArrangementThe letters are arranged in bundles, some by individual correspondent, others by date or subject. Some sections are retained in the order in which they were stored by the 2nd Duke in his travelling cases and listed with their original bundle numbers as recorded in Ne C 2285.
TermUnited States - History - Revolution, 1775-1783
Administration of estates - Great Britain
Great Britain - Politics and government - 18th century
Great Britain - Social life and customs - 18th century
Voyages and travels
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham. In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Old typescript catalogue, 8 pp At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Old typescript catalogue, 8 pp Online: Catalogue accessible on the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Readers are advised that the online catalogue is more comprehensive than the old typescript version, and has been enhanced by personal, place and subject indexing.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialSee the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the record describing the Correspondence within the collection (Ne C), and the other constituent parts of the Correspondence section (Ne C 1-35; Ne C 36-2225; Ne C 2226-2229; Ne C 4496-4666; Ne C 4667-8778; Ne C 8779-12842; Ne C 12843-14145; Ne C 14146-14729; Ne C 14730-15406)
Papers of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle in the British Library Manuscript Collections
Letters to 3rd Duke of Portland in the Portland (Welbeck) Collection: reference Pw F 2964-2969
Related RecordNe C

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Click the links below to view related place indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA446Clinton; Henry (1738-1795); Sir; K.B. 1777; M.P.; commander-in-chief in America 1776-78; governor of Gibraltar 1794-95; cousin of 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1738-1795
NA976Stuart; John (1713-1792); 3rd Earl of Bute; prime minister 1762-31713-1792
NA977North; Frederick (1732-1792); 2nd Earl of Guilford; better known as Lord North1732-1792
NA978Yorke; Philip (1690-1764); 1st Earl of Hardwicke; Lord Chancellor 1737-561690-1764
NA319Pitt; William (1708-1778); 1st Earl of Chatham; the elder; statesman1708-1778
NA979Pitt; William (1759-1806); Mr; the younger; statesman1759-1806
NA967Pelham; Henry (1696-1754); Mr; Prime Minister 1743-1754 brother of T. Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1696-1754
NA968Clinton; Henry F.C. Pelham- (1720-1794); 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; also styled 9th Earl of Lincoln from 1730; born Clinton, but assumed Pelham-Clinton in 1768 as 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1720-1794
NA487Holles; Thomas Pelham- (1693-1768); 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; also 4th Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne; cr. 17561693-1768
NA75677Pelham-Clinton; family; of Clumber, Nottinghamshire; Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne
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