Document ReferenceNe C 1-35
TitlePapers of the Wriothesley Family, Earls of Southampton, 1608-1706 in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection
Extent35 letters
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryHenry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton (1573-1624) was Shakespeare's patron and a close friend of Lord Essex, in whose conspiracy he was involved in 1601. This involvement led to a death sentence which was commuted to life imprisonment in the Tower of London. He was pardoned by James I in 1603.

Lady Rachel Russell (1636-1723) was the daughter of Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton. She first married Francis, Lord Vaughan and later William, Lord Russell, who was executed for high treason in 1683 afer being found guilty of involvement in the Rye House Plot.
Custodial HistoryThese papers form a sub-fonds of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (Ne) and are part of the political papers fonds (Ne C). They were part of the first deposit received from the 9th Duke of Newcastle in 1955 and were accepted in lieu of estate duty in 1981.
DescriptionThis is a small series of correspondence from Henry Wriothesley, 3rd Earl of Southampton and his grand-daughter, Lady Rachel Russell née Wriothesley.

A small part of the collection (7 letters) covers the 3rd Earl of Southampton's attempts to regain royal favour and patronage after a disagreement with James I's favourite, Lord Buckingham.

The collection of Lady Russell's letters (28 letters) includes correspondence from her family and friends, mainly after the execution of her husband for high treason in 1683. The letters include a series from Henry de Massue, Earl of Galway and Marquis de Ruvigny while in Dublin 1699-1700.

It is not clear how this small collection of Wriothesley family papers came to be amoung the correspondence of the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne at Clumber. There is no direct connection between the Wriothesleys and the Pelham-Clintons.
MgtGroupFamily and estate collections
ArrangementThe letters are arranged by correspondent.
TermIreland - Politics and government - 18th century
Patronage, Political - Great Britain
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham. In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Old typescript Catalogue, 1 p At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Old typescript Catalogue, 1 p Online: Catalogue accessible on the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Readers are advised that the online catalogue is more comprehensive than the old typescript version, and has been enhanced by personal, place and subject indexing.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialSee the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the record describing the Correspondence within the collection (Ne C), and the other constituent parts of the Correspondence section (Ne C 36-2225; Ne C 2226-2229; Ne C 2230-4495; Ne C 4496-4666; Ne C 4667-8778; Ne C 8779-12842; Ne C 12843-14145; Ne C 14146-14729; Ne C 14730-15406)
Hampshire Archives and Local Studies: Papers of the Wriothesley family, Earls of Southampton, concerning the Titchfield estate.
Other collections listed through The National Archives Discovery catalogue
AKRIGG, G P V. 'Something More About Shakespeare's Patron' Document Reference OFF/1
Related RecordNe C

Click the links below to view related name indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA973Ruvigny; Henry Massue de (1648-1720); 1st Earl of Galway; succ. as 2nd Marquis de Ruvigny 1689; cr. 4th Viscount Galway 1692; cr. 1st Earl of Galway 1697; commanded troops in Portugal and Spain 1704-17101648-1720
NA965Wriothesley; Henry (1573-1624); 3rd Earl of Southampton; succ. 15811573-1624
NA969Wriothesley; Thomas (1608-1667); 4th Earl of Southampton1608-1667
NA974Russell; William (1639-1683); Lord; M.P. for Tavistock and Bedfordshire; 3rd son of 5th Earl and 1st Duke of Bedford; executed 16831639-1683
NA75915Wriothesley; family; Earls of Southampton
NA18590Russell; Rachel (c.1636-1723); Lady; née Wriothesley; 2nd dau. of 4th Earl of Southampton; m 1stly Lord Francis Vaughan, m 2ndly Lord William Russell 1669c.1636-1723
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