Document ReferenceGa M
TitleCorrespondence of General Robert Monckton (1726-1782), soldier, in the Galway Collection
Extent1 box
AbstractPrincipal document types present include; correspondence
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryRobert Monckton (1726-1782), second son of the 1st Viscount Galway, was one of the most prominent British officers to participate in the wars against France in North America and Canada. He went to Nova Scotia in 1752 as Lieutenant Colonel of the 47th Regiment and was commander at Fort Lawrence from August 1752 to June 1753, capturing Fort Beauséjour in June 1755. In December 1757 he was appointed Colonel of the 2nd Battalion of the Royal American Regiment, and in 1758 became Acting Governor of Nova Scotia (in the absence of Charles Lawrence) having been Lieutenant Governor since 1755.

During the Quebec campaign in 1759, Monckton was second in command to General Wolfe. However, he was forced to withdraw from the field following a wound to the lungs. On his recovery, Monckton became Commander of the Southern District and in 1761 was appointed Governor of New York. He was promoted to Major-General and was later Commander-in-Chief of the successful expedition against Martinique in 1762.

Monckton returned to England in 1763. He was made Governor of Berwick-on-Tweed, 1765, and Governor of Portsmouth in 1778. He was MP for Portsmouth from 1779 until his death in 1782.
Custodial HistoryThe correspondence of General Robert Monckton was acquired by Nottingham University Library in 1984.
DescriptionThe original correspondence of Robert Monckton is contained in one volume and, while it covers the period 1751-83, the greatest number of letters concern events in North America and Canada, 1755-1763. Many are from the most influential men engaged in the war with France at that time, including General James Abercromby, William Pitt and Major General James Wolfe. There is also a section containing photocopies of personal letters from Robert Monckton to his brother Jack, dated 1762-1763. The originals of these are in the National Archives of Canada.

There is little material concerning Monckton's life after his return to Berwick.
MgtGroupPolitical and diplomatic papers
ArrangementThe correspondence is held in two chronological sequences. The first consists of original correspondence, the second of photocopied material.
TermGreat Britain - History, Military - 18th century
Great Britain - Politics and government - 18th century
Great Britain - Colonies - Canada - Administration
Great Britain - Colonies - United States - Administration
United States - History - Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
Canada - History - 18th century
Seven Years' War - 1756-1763
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham. In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Typescript Catalogue to item level, 23 pp At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Typescript Catalogue to item level, 32 pp Online: Catalogue available on the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Access to the old typescript catalogue was also made available online during the national Access to Archives (A2A) project in 2000-2004. This catalogue is now available through Discovery, hosted by The National Archives ( The version on our own Manuscripts Online Catalogue will be more up to date.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialLetters to Jack Monckton from Robert Monckton, 1762-1763, in National Archives of Canada, Volume LXXVIII of the Monckton Papers.

See also the collection level record (Ga 9201-Ga 2 I), and catalogue entries for the other parts of the Galway collection (Ga 9201-13257 and Ga C and Ga M).
Related RecordGaC

Click the links below to view related name indexes

Click the links below to view related place indexes

CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA316Monckton; Robert (1726-1782); General1726-1782
NA317Amherst; Jeffrey (1717-1797); 1st Baron Amherst; Field Marshall1717-1797
NA318Murray; James (c.1719-1794); Generalc.1719-1794
NA316Monckton; Robert (1726-1782); General1726-1782
NA319Pitt; William (1708-1778); 1st Earl of Chatham; the elder; statesman1708-1778
NA321Townshend; George (1724-1807); 4th Viscount; Field Marshall; 1st Marquess1724-1807
NA322Wolfe; James (1727-1759); Major General1727-1759
NA11342Rodney; George Brydges (1719-1792); 1st Baron Rodney; cr. Baron Rodney in 1782; Admiral Royal Navy1719-1792
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