Document ReferenceBu 44/ 1-101
TitleCopy despatches from A. Buchanan, Madrid, Spain, to 3rd Earl of Malmesbury [J. Harris] and Lord John Russell [later 1st Earl Russell], Foreign Office, London; 1859-60.
Extent1 volume
Content DescriptionVolume of despatches from Sir A. Buchanan to the Foreign Office describing events, before, during and after the war between Spain and Morocco; the main points of interest are the legality of claims made by Spain for attacks on Spanish forts in Morocco by Moorish tribes, not necessarily under control of the Sultan; attacks on Spanish vessels by Rif pirates and the taking of Spanish prisoners which caused Spain to take hostages and negotiations for the release of these prisoners; territorial disputes and the granting of neutral ground at Melilla, Ceuta and other Spanish forts; the influence exercised by the British Government over the Moroccans through the offices of Mr Drummond-Hay, who was consul in Morocco for over 30 years; British interests in the region lay in Gibraltar and possible dominance over the Straits of Gibraltar from the Moroccan coast.

Other points of interest are references to the economic development of Spain, especially with regard to the railways; the influence of the Spanish press on public opinion; the dominance of the military in the Spanish Cortes; Spanish pride and desire to prove to other European powers that she possessed military strength; the unity of Spain is illustrated by support for the war by the Basque Provinces.
TermMoroccan affairs, 'Moroccan Question'
press, Spanish
public opinion, Spanish
architecture, fortifications
military campaigns, prisoners of war
transport, railways
transport, shipping
crimes, piracy
economy, Spanish
politics, Spanish
foreign policy, British

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CodePersonNameDates of existence
NA6258O'Donnell; Leopoldo (1809-1867); Duke of Tetuan; general and politician1809-1867
NA6338Ist£riz; Francisco J. (1790-1871); Señor; Spanish politician1790-1871
NA6259Isabella II (1830-1904); Queen of Spain; ( reigned 1833-1868)1830-1904
NA6225Hay; John Hay Drummond- (1816-1893); Sir; diplomat1816-1893
NA6128Valle; - Blanco de (fl 1840-1861); Señor; Spanish politicianfl 1840-1861
NA6257Blanco; Juan (fl 1858-1861); Donfl 1858-1861
NA6255Collantes; Saturnino Calderón- (1799-1864); Señor; Spanish Foreign Minister 1853-631799-1864
NA6227Comyn; Juan (fl 1858-1861); Señor; Spanish Under Secretary of Statefl 1858-1861
NA6186Fanshawe; Arthur (1794-1864); Sir; admiral1794-1864
NA6254Abd ar-Rahman (d 1859); Sultan of Morocco; ( succeeded 1822)d 1859
NA6302Muhammad IV (d 1873); Sultan of Morocco; ( succeeded 1859)d 1873
NA6256Khateeb; Said Mahommed (fl 1858-1861); Moorish ministerfl 1858-1861
NA136Buchanan; Andrew (1807-1882); 1st Baronet; diplomat1807-1882
NA139Russell; John (1792-1878); 1st Earl Russell1792-1878
NA6098Harris; James H. (1807-1889); 3rd Earl of Malmesbury1807-1889
PL2548/Basque Provinces/Spain
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