Document ReferencePl E12/9/8
TitleLicences to work coal under copyhold lands held of the Manors of Bolsover and Mansfield (of which the Duke of Portland is Lord), with related material; 1867-1926
Date Of Creation1867-1926
Extent201 items
Content DescriptionFor detailed descriptions see Pl E12/9/8/1-9 below.

Licences have been arranged: Pl E12/9/8/1 for the Butterley Company, Pl E12/9/8/2 for other companies (New Hucknall Colliery Co. Ltd, Stanton Ironworks Co. Ltd, etc.) in the Mansfield and Ashfield area, and Pl E12/9/8/3 for the Bolsover area (Bolsover Colliery Co. Ltd). Pl E12/9/8/4-7 contain legal papers concerning the ownership of minerals within these manors - see also Pl E12/10/1 series.

Minerals under copyholds (and enfranchised copyholds) belonged to the Lord of the Manor, who could not work them without the consent of the copyhold surface owners who had certain ownership rights (a possessory interest) in them. The usual mechanism was a licence from the copyholder to the Duke's lessees (following a form specified in the principal lease from the Duke which ensured the explicit recognition by all parties of his ownership of the minerals) to enable them to work the coals in return for a royalty (the royalty on coals under copyholds which was payable to the Duke being generally set at half that for freehold coals). Sometimes several copyholders were party to one licence or some other memorandum or form of covenant was entered into (always acknowledging the Duke's rights of ownership).

It was possible for a copyholder to sell the surface but reserve his limited rights in the minerals, causing further complexity.

The costs of the transactions could exceed the value of the mineral concerned.

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CodePersonNameDates of Existence
NA715Bentinck; William J.A.C.J. Cavendish- (1857-1943); 6th Duke of Portland; succ. 18791857-1943
CodePlace name
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