Document ReferenceNe C
TitleCorrespondence and Political Papers of the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, 1608-1945, in the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection
Date Of Creation1608-1945
Extent136 boxes
AbstractCorrespondence
LevelSubFonds
Access ConditionsAccessible to all readers.
Admin HistoryThe family members whose political and personal papers form the bulk of the Newcastle Correspondence collections include Henry Pelham (1696-1754), brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne and father-in-law of the 2nd; Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794); his grandson Henry, the 4th Duke (1785-1851 and his son Henry, 5th Duke (1811-1864).

There are also smaller groups of papers of General Sir Henry Clinton (1738-1795), cousin of the 2nd Duke, and of two members of the Wriothesley family, Henry, 3rd Earl of Southampton (1573-1624) and his grand-daughter Lady Rachel Russell (née Wriothesley 1636-1723), whose relationship to the Pelham-Clintons is not clear.
Custodial HistoryThese papers form a fonds of the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection. They came originally from the Library at Clumber Park and were deposited via the Warminster Estate Office in 1955 as part of the first deposit of estate and family papers from the 9th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne.

Papers concerning members of the family who had held official or political office (Ne C 36-14145) were catalogued and indexed in detail in 1995-1999 thanks to a JISC (Non-Formula Funding) Award.
DescriptionIncluded within this group are different series comprising correspondence of the family members concerned. Although the political offices held by different family members and their range of political interests and activities have given a particular subject focus, the collection also includes long runs of family and domestic correspondence, and contains papers relating to the estates and property.

Full biographical details about the different family members and descriptions of the individual sub-groups of political and associated papers are found under their separate references. Due to the size of this collection the sections are delivered separately on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue.

Ne C 1-35 Wriothesley Family
Ne C 36-2225 Henry Pelham
Ne C 2226-2229 General Sir Henry Clinton
Ne C 2230-4495 Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne
Ne C 4496-4666 Parliamentary Election Papers
Ne C 4667-8778 Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke
Ne C 8779-12842 and Ne C 12843-14145, Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke

Ne C 14146-14729 A small and miscellaneous collection of papers of Henry P.A. Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke, is also present. This includes correspondence relating to the dedication of the new church at Clumber (1889), the Duke's American visit in 1888, and his marriage to Kathleen F.M. Candy in 1889.

Ne C 14730-15406 The final miscellaneous series of the Newcastle Correspondence Collection is largely concerned with genealogy, and particularly with the 4th Duke's efforts to trace the early history of the Clintons. The Collection originally held a series of autograph letters of famous people, purchased by the 5th Duke 1859-1862. These are now represented in the Collection by surrogate copies.

Ne C 15404-6 Also present in the final section are three volumes of the 16th-17th centuries, comprising letter books of John Holles, 1st Earl of Clare and a commonplace book of John Holles, 2nd Earl of Clare.
MgtGroupPolitical and diplomatic papers
Family and estate collections
MgtSubGroupIndividuals
Newcastle
ArrangementThe Collection is listed in a single numerical sequence within which the correspondence received by particular individuals, and papers concerning them, have been brought together. The present structure of the finding aids defines these as sub-groups.
LanguageEnglish
French
TermPatronage, Political - Great Britain
Ireland - Politics and government
Ireland - History - Famine 1845-1852
Diplomacy, Europe
Great Britain - Politics and government
International Relations
Jacobite rebellion, 1745-1746
Great Britain - Colonies - Administration
United States of America - Politics and government
Administration of estates - Great Britain
Elections - England
Local government - England
Crimean War, 1853-1856
Family - Great Britain
FindingAidsCopyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.

In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Old typescript Catalogue

At the National Register of Archives, The National Archives, Kew: Old typescript Catalogue

Online: Catalogue available from the website of Manuscripts and Special Collections, Manuscripts Online Catalogue. This catalogue is more detailed than the typescript catalogue.

Due to the size of this collection the sections are delivered separately on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue. Search separately for full descriptions of each of the following sections:
Ne C 1-35 Papers of the Wriothesley Family, Earls of Southampton, 1608-1706
Ne C 36-2225 Papers of Henry Pelham (1696-1754), statesman and politician
Ne C 2226-2229 Papers of General Sir Henry Clinton (c.1738-1795)
Ne C 2230-4495 Papers of Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794)
Ne C 4496-4666 Papers relating to Parliamentary Elections involving the Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne, 1790-1865
Ne C 4667-8778 Papers of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1785-1851)
Ne C 8779-12842 Political and official correspondence of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1811-1864)
Ne C 12843-14145 Personal and estate correspondence of Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1811-1864)
Ne C 14146-14729 Papers of Henry P.A.D. Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1864-1928)
Ne C 14730-15406 Genealogical and antiquarian correspondence and other papers; 1481-1931.
ReprodnNotePhotocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.
Related MaterialSee the fonds level record for the whole Newcastle collection (Ne), the other constituent parts of the Newcastle Collection (Ne A-X; Ne 2F; Ne 3; Ne 4; Ne 5; Ne 6), and related collections (NL; NS; NPE; NPC; NN)
Related RecordPl
Ne
NeC1-35
NeC36-2225
NeC2226-2229
NeC2230-4495
NeC4667-8778
NeC8779-12842
NeC12843-14145
NeC14146-14729
NeC14730-15406
NeC4496-4666
NeC8779-14145
Pw
Publication NoteWilliam Coxe, 'Memoirs of the Administration of the Right Honourable Henry Pelham', 2 vols. (London, 1829)
P.R. Seddon, 'Letters of John Holles 1587-1637', 3 vols. in the Thoroton Society Record Series, xxxi, xxxv, xxxvi (1975-1986)

Click the links below to view related name indexes

Click the links below to view related place indexes

Persons
CodePersonNameDates of Existence
NA446Clinton; Henry (1738-1795); Sir; K.B. 1777; M.P.; commander-in-chief in America 1776-78; governor of Gibraltar 1794-95; cousin of 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1738-1795
NA968Clinton; Henry F.C. Pelham- (1720-1794); 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; also styled 9th Earl of Lincoln from 1730; born Clinton, but assumed Pelham-Clinton in 1768 as 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1720-1794
NA900Clinton; Henry P.F. Pelham- (1785-1851); 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1785-1851
NA965Wriothesley; Henry (1573-1624); 3rd Earl of Southampton; succ. 15811573-1624
NA969Wriothesley; Thomas (1608-1667); 4th Earl of Southampton1608-1667
NA967Pelham; Henry (1696-1754); Mr; Prime Minister 1743-1754 brother of T. Pelham-Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1696-1754
NA968Clinton; Henry F.C. Pelham- (1720-1794); 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; also styled 9th Earl of Lincoln from 1730; born Clinton, but assumed Pelham-Clinton in 1768 as 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1720-1794
NA446Clinton; Henry (1738-1795); Sir; K.B. 1777; M.P.; commander-in-chief in America 1776-78; governor of Gibraltar 1794-95; cousin of 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1738-1795
NA900Clinton; Henry P.F. Pelham- (1785-1851); 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne1785-1851
NA945Clinton; Henry P.F. Pelham- (1811-1864); 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; styled Earl of Lincoln until 18511811-1864
NA487Holles; Thomas Pelham- (1693-1768); 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne; also 4th Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne; cr. 17561693-1768
NA970Holles; John (1595-1666); 2nd Earl of Clare; of Haughton Notts; M.P. East Retford 1624-26; succ. 16371595-1666
NA971Holles; John (1564-1637); 1st Earl of Clare; of Haughton Notts; M.P. Nottinghamshire 1604-11 and 1614; Comptroller of Household to Prince of Wales 1610-16121564-1637
NA75677Pelham-Clinton; family; of Clumber, Nottinghamshire; Dukes of Newcastle under Lyne
NA18590Russell; Rachel (c.1636-1723); Lady; née Wriothesley; 2nd dau. of 4th Earl of Southampton; m 1stly Lord Francis Vaughan, m 2ndly Lord William Russell 1669c.1636-1723
Places
CodePlace name
PL1036Clumber Park/Nottinghamshire/England
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